With the rapid and dynamic change in the human population, the food industry has also started expanding its boundaries with the help of research and technology. Aquaculture technology is also the part of this expanded efforts of scholars and scientists. The expansion in the field is much essential and considered as a core need of time. This help to reduce the use of natural resources like water and land and also help to preserve nature. Discussing Biofloc fish farming in Pakistan, BFT comes first. Biofloc Technology (BFT) is a technique to improve the water quality in aquaculture through balancing the amount of Carbon (C) and Nitrogen (N) which help in producing proteinaceous feed in the water. This proteinaceous feed becomes an autogenerated best feed for the fish species and helps them to grow faster.
Biofloc systems bank on photosynthesis to convert uneaten feeds, faeces and excess nutrients into food. While breaking down toxic ammonia and nitrates, both primary-producing autotrophic and heterotrophic bacteria multiply to attract an ever-growing host of organisms – including diatoms, fungi, algae, protozoans and various types of plankton. Loosely bound by bacterial mucous, most of these floating clumps or “flocs” are microscopic. Larger aggregations can be seen by the human eye, resembling brown or green sludge. Though not too appealing for humans, this is a scrumptious smorgasbord for fish and shrimp.
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